Harmonic Minor Scales

The harmonic minor scale is one of three minor scales. The other two are the natural minor and the melodic minor. The sound of the harmonic scale is characterized by the music of the Middle East.

The harmonic minor differs from the natural minor with a sharpened seventh note and, therefore, this minor scale is not played in the same way as the relative major scale.

A

A harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: A, B, C, D, E, F, G#, A
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

A# / Bb

A# harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: A#, C, C#, D#, F, F#, A, A#
Fingerings (LH): 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2
Fingerings (RH): 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4

B

B harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: B, C#, D, E, F#, G, A#, B
Fingerings (LH): 4, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

C

C harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

C# / Db

C# harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, C, C#
Fingerings (LH): 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3
Fingerings (RH): 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3

D

D harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: D, E, F, G, A, Bb, C#, D
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

D# / Eb

D# harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: D#, F, F#, G#, A#, B, D, D#
Fingerings (LH): 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2
Fingerings (RH): 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3

E

E harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: E, F#, G, A, B, C, D#, E
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

F

F harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, E, F
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4

F# / Gb

F# harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: F#, G#, A, B, C#, D, F, F#
Fingerings (LH): 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 4
Fingerings (RH): 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3

G

G harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F#, G
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

G# / Ab

G# harmonic minor scale diagram
Notes: G#, A#, B, C#, D#, E, G, G#
Fingerings (LH): 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2
Fingerings (RH): 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3

Harmonic Minor Scales overview
A: A, B, C, D, E, F, G#, A
A#/Bb: A#, C, C#, D#, F, F#, A, A# (theoretically correct is B#, E# and G## instead of C, F and A)
B: B, C#, D, E, F#, G, A#, B
C: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, B, C
C#/Db: C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, C, C# (theoretically correct is B# instead of C)
D: D, E, F, G, A, Bb, C#, D
D#/Eb: D#, F, F#, G#, A#, B, D, D# (theoretically correct is E# and C## instead of F and D)
E: E, F#, G, A, B, C, D#, E
F: F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, E, F
F#/Gb: F#, G#, A, B, C#, D, F, F# (theoretically correct is E# instead of F)
G: G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F#, G
G#/Ab: G#, A#, B, C#, D#, E, G, G# (theoretically correct is F## instead of G)

Fingerings:
1 = Thumb | 2 = index finger | 3 = middle finger | 4 = ring finger | 5 = little finger.
LH = Left hand | RH = Right hand

Intervals and steps
Interval: 1, 2, b3, 4, 5, b6, 7
Semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 3 - 1
Formula: Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Half, Whole and a half, Half