Chinese Scales

As implied by its name, this scale is suitable for playing Chinese music (see also the Oriental Scale). The Chinese Scales are, for example, used in jazz improvisation.

The Chinese Scale has a quite uncommon feature in the two quadra-steps between first and second notes respectively fourth and fifth notes. Another peculiar detail is that a harmony note is added to every single note in the scales (see below).

C

C Chinese scale diagram
Notes: C, E, F#, G, B, C

C# / Db

C# Chinese scale diagram
Notes: Db, F, G, Ab, C, Db

D

D Chinese scale diagram
Notes: D, F#, G#, A, C#, D

D# /Eb

D# Chinese scale diagram
Notes: Eb, G, A, Bb, D, Eb

E

E Chinese scale diagram
Notes: E, G#, A#, B, D#, E

F

F Chinese scale diagram
Notes: F, A, B, C, E, F

F# / Gb

F# Chinese scale diagram
Notes: F#, A#, B#, C#, E#, F#

G

G Chinese scale diagram
Notes: G, B, C#, D, F#, G

G# / Ab

G# Chinese scale diagram
Notes: Ab, C, D, Eb, G, Ab

A

A Chinese scale diagram
Notes: A, C#, D#, E, G#, A

A# / Bb

A# Chinese scale diagram
Notes: Bb, D, E, F, A, Bb

B

B Chinese scale diagram
Notes: B, D#, E#, F#, A#, B

Chinese Scales overview
C: C, E, F#, G, B, C
C#/Db: Db, F, G, Ab, C, Db
D: D, F#, G#, A, C#, D
D#/Eb: Eb, G, A, Bb, D, Eb
E: E, G#, A#, B, D#, E
F: F, A, B, C, E, F
F#/Gb: F#, A#, B#, C#, E#, F#
G: G, B, C#, D, F#, G
G#/Ab: Ab, C, D, Eb, G, Ab
A: A, C#, D#, E, G#, A
A#/Bb: Bb, D, E, F, A, Bb
B: B, D#, E#, F#, A#, B

Interval: 1, 3, #4, 5, 7
Semi-notes: 4 - 2 - 1 - 4 - 1
Formula: Quadra-step, Whole, Half, Quadra-step, Half

Extra harmony notes

The Chinese Scales can be played with harmony added to every note. This is how it looks in the key of C:
notes of harmonized chinese scales
Source: Medianmusic.com

The tonality in Chinese music differs from the western world and also do they have another note system with numerical notation. A link for further reading on tonality and scales in Chinese Music.

Mongolian Scale

Mongolian Scale, also known as Chinese Mongolian Scale, is something you want to learn as well if you study Chinese music. The thing is that Mongolian Scale is exactly the same as the Major Pentatonic Scale with the interval 1, 2, 3, 5, 6. In other words consist C Mongolian of C, D, E, G and A.