Harmonizing minor scales into chords

A scale has chords built from it. It is valuable to know how the scales and chord corresponds, not at least when improvising. Below, we look on the Minor Scale and which triads and four-note chords it can be harmonized into. In other words, which chords that can be built from the various minor scales.

Triads

A Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes A B C D E F G
Chords Am Bdim C Dm Em F G
Notes in chord A-C-E B-D-F C-E-G D-F-A E-G-B F-A-C G-B-D
A# / Bb Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes A# B# C# D# E# F# G#
Chords A#m B#dim C# D#m E#m F# G#
Notes in chord A#-C#-E# B#-D#-F# C#-E#-G# D#-F#-A# E#-G#-B# F#-A#-C# G#-B#-D#
B Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes B C# D E F# G A
Chords Bm C#dim D Em F#m G A
Notes in chord B-D-F# C#-E-F D-F#-A E-G-B F#-A-C# G-B-D A-C#-E
C Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes C D Eb F G Ab Bb
Chords Cm Ddim Eb Fm Gm Ab Bb
Notes in chord C-Eb-G D-F-Ab Eb-G-Bb F-Ab-C Gb-Bb-D Ab-C-Eb Bb-D-F
C# / Db Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes C# D# E F# G# A B
Chords C#m D#dim E F#m G#m A B
Notes in chord C#-E-G# D#-F#-A E-G#-B F#-A-C# G-B-D# A-C#-E B-D#-F#
D Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes D E F G A Bb C
Chords Dm Edim F Gm Am Bb C
Notes in chord D-F-A E-G-Bb F-A-C G-Bb-D A-C-E Bb-D-F C-E-G
D# / Eb Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes D# E# F# G# A# B C#
Chords D#m E#dim F# G#m A#m B C#
Notes in chord D#-F#-A# E#-G#-B F#-A#-C# G#-B-D# A#-C#-E# B-D#-F# C#-E#-G#
E Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes E F# G A B C D
Chords Em F#dim G Am Bm C D
Notes in chord E-G-B F#-A-C G-B-D A-C-E B-D-F# C-E-G D-F#-A
F Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes F G Ab Bb C Db Eb
Chords Fm Gdim Ab Bbm Cm Db Eb
Notes in chord F-Ab-C G-Bb-Db Ab-C-Eb Bb-Db-F C-Eb-G Db-F-Ab Eb-G-Bb
F# / Gb Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes F# G# A B C# D E
Chords F#m G#dim A Bm C#m D E
Notes in chord F#-A-C# G#-B-D A-C#-E B-D-F# C#-E-G# D-F#-A E-G#-B
G Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes G A Bb C D Eb F
Chords Gm Adim Bb Cm Dm Eb F
Notes in chord G-Bb-Db A-C-Eb Bb-D-F C-Eb-G Db-F-A Eb-G-Bb F-A-C
G# / Ab Minor Scale Triads
Degrees i ii° III iv v VI VII
Notes G# A# B C# D# E F#
Chords G#m A#dim B C#m D#m E F#
Notes in chord G#-B-D# A#-C#-E B-D#-F# C#-E-G# D-F#-A# E-G#-B F#-A#-C#

Four-note chords

A Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes A B C D E F G
Chords Am7 Cmaj7 Dm7 Em7 Fmaj7 G7
Notes in chord A-C-E-G B-D-F-A C-E-G-B D-F-A-C E-G-B-D F-A-C-E G-B-D-F
B Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes B C# D E F# G A
Chords Bm7 Dmaj7 Em7 F#m7 Gmaj7 A7
Notes in chord B-D-F#-A C#-E-F-B D-F#-A-C# E-G-B-D F#-A-C#-E G-B-D-F# A-C#-E-G
C Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes C D Eb F G Ab Bb
Chords Cm7 Ebmaj7 Fm7 Gm7 Abmaj7 Bb7
Notes in chord C-Eb-G-Bb D-F-Ab-C Eb-G-Bb-D F-Ab-C-Eb G-Bb-D-F Ab-C-Eb-G Bb-D-F-Ab
C# / Db Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes C# D# E F# G# A B
Chords C#m7 D#ø Emaj7 F#m7 G#m7 Amaj7 B7
Notes in chord C#-E-G#-B D#-F#-A-C# E-G#-B-D# F#-A-C#-E G#-B-D#-F# A-C#-E-G# B-D#-F#-A
D Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes D E F G A Bb C
Chords Dm7 Fmaj7 Gm7 Am7 Bbmaj7 C7
Notes in chord D-F-A-C E-G-Bb-D F-A-C-E G-Bb-D-F A-C-E-G Bb-D-F-A C-E-G-Bb
E Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiØ7 Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes E F# G A B C D
Chords Em7 F#dim Gmaj7 Am7 Bm7 Cmaj7 D7
Notes in chord E-G-B-D F#-A-C-E G-B-D-E A-C-E-G B-D-F#-A C-E-G-B D-F#-A-C
F Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes F G Ab Bb C Db Eb
Chords Fm7 Abmaj7 Bbm7 Cm7 Dbmaj7 Eb7
Notes in chord F-Ab-C-Eb G-Bb-Db-F Ab-C-Eb-F Bb-Db-F-Ab C-Eb-G-Bb Db-F-Ab-C Eb-G-Bb-Db
F# / Gb Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes F# G# A B C# D E
Chords F#m7 G#ø Amaj7 Bm7 C#m7 Dmaj7 E7
Notes in chord F#-A-C#-E G#-B-D-F# A-C#-E-F# B-D-F#-A C#-E-G#-B D-F#-A-C# E-G#-B-D
G Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes G A Bb C D Eb F
Chords Gm7 Bbmaj7 Cm7 Dm7 Ebmaj7 F7
Notes in chord G-Bb-D-Fb A-C-Eb-G Bb-D-F-G C-Eb-G-Bb Db-F-A-C Eb-G-Bb-D F-A-C-Eb
G# /Ab Minor Scale Four-note chords
Degrees vim7 viiø Imaj7 iim7 iiim7 IVmaj7 V7
Notes G# A# B C# D# E F#
Chords G#m7 A#ø Bmaj7 C#m7 D#m7 Emaj7 F#7
Notes in chord G#-B-D#-F# A#-C#-E-G# B-D#-F#-G# C#-E-G#-B D-F#-A#-C# E-G#-B-D# F#-A#-C#-E

Understanding the table and its symbols

Some explanation of the information in the tables above.

Degrees: Referring to the relations of the notes in the scale on a general basis. These have Roman numerals as you can see below
Notes: Simply referring to the notes in the particular scale.
Chords: Referring to the chord with the same tonic as the note.
Notes in chord: Simply referring to the notes belonging to the chord.
Roman numerals: Roman numerals indicate chord names. Uppercase Roman numerals represent major chords while lowercase Roman numerals represent minor chords.
°: The degree symbol represents diminished (dim).
Ø: This symbol represents a half-diminished chord.

Notes

In the key of C sharp minor, E#m are included as a chord. This is in practice Fm, but are given the name E#m since it should be avoided that the same letter (F in this) is mention twice.

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