Piano Minor Scales

Contrary to the major scale there are not one but three minor scales and we shall look at each. The three groups of minor scales are:

The natural minor scale is often referred to as the minor scale. This scale can sometimes confuse people because it's in a way identical to the major scale. The A minor scales include exactly the same notes as the C major scale which makes them relative keys (read more about this further down the page).

Natural Minor Scales

Here are pictures and notes of scales.

C Minor

C minor scale diagram
Notes: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1

D Minor

D minor scale diagram
Notes: D, E, F, G, A, Bb, C, D
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1

E Minor

E minor scale diagram
Notes: E, Gb, G, A, B, C, D, E
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1

F Minor

F minor scale diagram
Notes: F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, Eb, F
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 4
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1

G Minor

G minor scale diagram
Notes: G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F, G
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1

A Minor

A minor scale diagram
Notes: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Fingerings (LH): 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1

B Minor

B minor scale diagram
Notes: B, C#, D, E, F#, G, A, B
Fingerings (RH): 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Fingerings (LH): 1, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1

C# Minor

C# minor scale diagram
Notes: C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, B, C#
Fingerings (LH): 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3
Fingerings (RH): 3, 4, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3

D# Minor

D# minor scale diagram
Notes: D#, F, F#, G#, A#, B, C#, D#
Fingerings (LH): 2, 1, 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2
Fingerings (RH): 3, 1, 2, 3, 4, 1, 2, 3

F# Minor

F# minor scale diagram
Notes: F#, G#, A, B, C#, D, E, F#
Fingerings (LH): 4, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 4
Fingerings (RH): 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3

G# Minor

G# minor scale diagram
Notes: G#, A#, B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#
Fingerings (LH): 3, 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 3, 2
Fingerings (RH): 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3

A# Minor

A# minor scale diagram
Notes: A#, C, C#, D#, F, F#, G#, A#
Fingerings (LH): 2, 1, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, 2
Fingerings (RH): 2, 1, 2, 3, 1, 2, 3, 4

Minor Scales overview
A: A, B, C, D, E, F, G, A
A#/Bb: A#, C, C#, D#, F, F#, G#, A#
B: B, C#, D, E, F#, G, A, B
C: C, D, Eb, F, G, Ab, Bb, C
C#/Db: C#, D#, E, F#, G#, A, B, C#
D: D, E, F, G, A, Bb, C, D
D#/Eb: D#, F, F#, G#, A#, B, C#, D#
E: E, F#, G, A, B, C, D, E
F: F, G, Ab, Bb, C, Db, Eb, F
F#/Gb: F#, G#, A, B, C#, D, E, F#
G: G, A, Bb, C, D, Eb, F, G
G#/Ab: G#, A#, B, C#, D#, E, F#, G#

Fingerings:
1 = Thumb | 2 = index finger | 3 = middle finger | 4 = ring finger | 5 = little finger.
LH = Left hand | RH = Right hand

Intervals and steps
Interval: 1, 2, b3, 4, 5, b6, b7
Semi-notes: 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2
Formula: Whole, Half, Whole, Whole, Half, Whole, Whole

Relative keys - major and minor

Relative keys have, as told above, the same notes and it can be found for all major and natural minor scales. G major is relative with E minor, F major is relative to D minor; see all relative keys below together with a diagram of the circle of fifths to the right:

As you may notice by comparing the relationship by the keys in the list and on the illustration where is always the same interval distance between them. But there is a still a difference between two relative keys: the tonic (first tone in the scale) is not the same and this leads to different sounds. If you play in the A minor you will get a more gloomy and kind of melancholy sound comparing to C major.